Defence and Security Publications

Mar
18

PULASKI COMMENTARY: The key premises of the Polish Homeland Defence Act (Michał Oleksiejuk)

A comprehensive reform of the Polish Armed Forces, announced over a year ago, has significantly accelerated since the outbreak of the war in Ukraine. The Homeland Defence Act (HDA) was first announced by the government in October 2021. On March 17, 2022 it has been approved by the Polish Senate and only a day later it also received a formal signature of approval from the President of the Republic of Poland. The most important assumptions of the HDA in its current form include an increase in defense spending to the level of 3% of GDP in as early as 2023, an increase in the size of the army and the […]

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Mar
03

PULASKI COMMENTARY: The first week of the Russian aggression against Ukraine – the military situation and the international dimension (Tomasz Smura)

After 7 days of the military campaign initiated by the Russian aggression against Ukraine, the situation of the Ukrainian Armed Forces is deteriorating, the Russians, despite the losses and the unsatisfactory general course of the campaign, are consistently pursuing their operational goals, i.e. encircling Kiev from the west and east. At the same time, there will be a risk of cutting off the Ukrainian forces operating in the south-east of the country. Under these circumstances, the West must intensify pressure on Russia and increase military aid to Ukraine before Ukrainian communication lines are cut. Military situation The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation operating from the north on the west […]

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Feb
28

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Russian invasion of Ukraine – first military conclusions (Tomasz Smura) 

Pulaski Policy Paper no 3, 2022, February 28, 2022  On 24 February this year, the Russian Federation, after a phase of increased political-military pressure lasting several months, launched military aggression against Ukraine. After the fourth day of Russian offensive actions there are already clear conclusions as to the probable plans and military objectives of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The main operational direction is undoubtedly the north (where the tactical units brought from the Eastern Military District operate), in particular along the axis running from the Belarusian border in the Chernobyl region, through Ivankov and then the sub-Kiev towns to the capital itself. The operational goal of the […]

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Feb
26

PULASKI COMMENTARY: Russian invasion of Ukraine day II (Tomasz Smura)

Russian aggression against Ukraine continues. The second day of the conflict, like the first one, began with massive missile attacks on Ukrainian military targets (e.g.  air defence systems). The land offensive continued along all operational axis. To the north, towards Kiev, on the western side of the Dnieper, Russian sabotage groups appeared in the north-western district of Kiev, Obolon. However, according to the information provided by the Ukrainian authorities in the morning, they were broken up. It seems that it could have been another attempt to accelerate the Russian offensive on the capital of Ukraine from this side, after yesterday’s unsuccessful attempt of the Russian air assault troops transported with […]

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Feb
21

PULASKI POLICY PAPER – How to respond to the confrontation that Russia is imposing on Europe (Robert Pszczel)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 2, 2022, February 21, 2022 “Comrades – we have been standing on the edge of a precipice. I am glad to say that we have made a great step forward”. This pun from a sketch performed by the Cracow-based cabaret in 1960s was mocking the absurdity of inept propaganda of the Polish communist rulers at the time. But it seems to capture the grim absurdity of the confrontation offensive engineered by the Putin regime today. The Kremlin seems genuinely ready to go to war against Ukraine – for no remotely rational pretext, only driven by a fear of the long-term consequences of the very existence and […]

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Feb
04

REPORT: One Team, One Playground, Various Players. Maritime Security Approaches of European NATO Members

NATO was founded as an organisation bringing together twelve countries, eleven of which had direct access to the sea, most of which being strongly sea-oriented. This maritime orientation is, with the North Atlantic as its geographical centre, also reflected in the alliance’s name (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation). However, over time (mainly after the end of the Cold War), its structure has changed significantly with the welcoming of numerous countries from Central and Eastern Europe. Still, not least due to its transatlantic nature, large parts of the Alliance’s activities remain focused on the maritime domain. The motivation standing behind this study is to demonstrate how diverse the NATO landscape is in […]

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Nov
04

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: R. Johnson – Putin, Lukashenko and Lessons Learned From Zapad-2021

Pulaski Policy Paper no 10, 2021, November 04, 2021 Russia has conducted Zapad-2021, the latest instalment of its quadrennial joint military exercises with the Republic of Belarus. They lasted from the 10th until the 16th of September 2021. A large part of the exercise took place on the territory of Belarus, requiring a significant number of Russian military units to be transported into the former Soviet republic, where they carried out the various manoeuvres that the Zapad-2021 set of operational objectives required from them. Most of what was seen in the news reporting and in the video coverage of the Zapad exercise, was the, “hot phase” of the entire week-long […]

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May
13

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: R Johnson – Russian Obsessions With Ukraine: What Drives Putin Towards War

Pułaski Policy Paper no 5, 2021, May 13, 2021 For years after the Cold War invading one its neighbours had been deemed largely unthinkable.  That is, until Moscow’s military rolled across the border of Georgia in August 2008 and seized two provinces which it still occupies today. A similar land grab of Ukrainian territory was fraught with horrendous consequences. In 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin invaded both Crimea and the Eastern Donbas regions. To this day the latter remains a war zone with massive devastation throughout and more than 13,000 persons killed – 25 per cent of those being civilians. Nevertheless, previous hostilities have not fulfilled Putin’s ambitions vis-à-vis Ukraine, […]

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