Defence and Security Publications


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – The new U.S. administration’s policy toward the “wider” Middle East and the threat from Islamic terrorism – an attempt to forecast

Although the legal and political battle over the final outcome of the US presidential elections is not yet over, it is almost certain that it is the Democratic candidate – Joe Biden – who has secured the largest number of electors, and therefore he will become the 46th President of the United States. After four years of Donald Trump’s “eccentric” presidency, full of sudden and unexpected decisions – also in the field of US foreign policy – the future of US strategy on key international issues again appears ambiguous. This uncertainty concerns nearly every aspect of U.S. actions on the international arena, including such key dimensions as the approach to […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: S. Koziej – The motives and consequences of the reducing and repositioning of the US forces in Europe

Pulaski Policy Paper No 7, 2020. August 20, 2020 As far as the first goal is concerned, Donald Trump has been using a business-like approach to foreign affairs and security policy since the first day of his presidency. Trump expects that Washington’s allies will pay for the US security guarantees and therefore the US administration has launched a campaign to force the European members of NATO to increase their military spending. First, it is worth noting that some part of the European defence budget could be a funding source for the US troops deployed in the old continent. Second, Europe’s military spending could also support the US defence industry given […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T.Otłowski – Geopolitics of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Pulaski Policy Paper No 6, 2020. July 1, 2020 In the aftermath of the unexpected COVID-19 outbreak, the world has been plunged into a deep socio-economic crisis and chaos comparable with the Great Depression or the First and the Second World War. The coronavirus pandemic will definitely affect the course of history, reshape the global economy and bring revolutionary changes to international relations. The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to severely affect the global economy in the short run. Unlike the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, the pandemic has undermined economic foundations of most states, particularly the manufacturing sector and trade in goods and services. Government restrictions disrupted the mining industry and […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T.Smura – Modernisation Programmes of the US Armed Forces – Gearing Up for ‘Great Power Competition’

Pułaski Policy Paper No 5, 2020. 28 May 2020 On February 10, 2020 the US President Donald Trump submitted the 2021 defence budget proposal to the Congress in compliance with the constraints imposed by the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2019. The Department of Defense is expected to receive US$ 705.4 billion out of US$ 740.5 billion for national security. The major goal of the proposed budget is the implementation of the National Defense Strategy, which is primarily concerned with the ‘great-power competition’ – particularly against China and Russia that possess comparable military capabilities to the United States. The FY 2021 DoD budget is presumed to increase by only 0.1 percent […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: S. Koziej – The Flaws in the 2020 National Security Strategy: A Lack of Operational Concepts and Preparatory Priorities

Pułaski Policy Paper N0 4, 2020. May 26 2020 On May 12, 2020, the Polish President approved a new National Security Strategy that replaced the 2014 Strategy[i]. Unfortunately, the new document resembles a development concept for the national security system, rather than a fully-fledged national security strategy. The Role of the National Security Strategy The main purpose of the National Security Strategy is to determine conceptual foundations of organisation, preparation and the functioning of the national security system in peace and war, depending on the national interests and circumstances. Therefore, the implementation of the national security strategy ought to initiate the process of the state’s strategic preparations as far as […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – Peace at Any cost? Implications of the US-Taliban Deal in Afghanistan

Pułaski Policy Paper No 3, 2020. 03 March 2020 In September 2019, President Donald Trump decided to suspend talks with the Taliban due to alleged violent actions against Western troops and Afghan citizens. It was clear, however, that the move of the US president was an element of a political game and his negotiation tactics. Perhaps Trump’s cabinet realised that the continuation of the peace negotiations with the Taliban would lead to a conference with their representatives at the White House, which was scheduled to take place in September 2019, on the 18th anniversary of 9/11 attacks. Shortly afterwards, it became clear that Trump’s decision to postpone the talks was a […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: S. Koziej – Scenarios for the Turkish Crisis in NATO

Pulaski Policy Paper No 2, 2020. February 4, 2020 In recent years, the North Atlantic Alliance has faced a number of external challenges, whose majority was related to the Russian neo-imperialism, the permanent crisis in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the China-US hegemonic rivalry across the world. NATO has also been struggling with a plethora of internal issues such as Transatlantic tensions that had been provoked by Donald Trump’s policies as well as the growing risk of European disintegration. The Turkish crisis has become another problem that the Alliance must face. The recent decisions of the Turkish government – conducting an unexpected operation against Syrian Kurds; purchasing […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER – R. Lipka: The London Summit as a Test for NATO Unity

Pułaski Policy Paper No 9, 2019. 24 December 2019  On December 3-4, 2019, the North Atlantic Council held a summit meeting in London to commemorate the 70th anniversary of NATO founding treaty as well as the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Iron Curtain. The summit turned out to be another tense meeting for NATO. The disputes between the member states materialised on the first day of the summit. The President of France, Emmanuel Macron, accused Turkey of supporting the Islamic State. On the other hand, Macron’s recent comments on NATO provoked sharp criticism from Donald Trump[i]. Furthermore, on the eve of the summit a rumour had surfaced that Ankara […]



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