Defence and Security Publications

Nov
18

Policy of the new U.S. administration in the Middle East and the threats posed by Islamic extremism – a forecast

Donald Trump’s surprising victory in the U.S. presidential elections has put a question mark over the future of the superpower’s foreign and security policy. This applies to essentially every direction and aspect of U.S. actions on the international stage, including such crucial and pressing issues such as the situation in the broader Middle East and the fight against the threat posed by Islamic extremism and terrorism. During the election campaign, which was extremely sharp and brutal even by American standards, Donald Trump, already as an official Republican candidate, kept referring to these issues. From his statements and announcements, delivered in the course of the campaign, even taking into account the […]

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Nov
17

REPORT: Missile Defence Around the World – Conclusions for Poland

Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and missile technologies is a growing threat to NATO member states, their territories and citizens. Although the number of nuclear warheads around the world decreases, states’ nuclear capabilities continue to expand with development of ever-more precise delivery systems. Approximately 30 states around the World, including Iran and North Korea, possess or strive to acquire advanced missile technologies. Growing tensions between NATO and Russia challenge the air defence capabilities of the alliance’s eastern flank. By implementing A2AD strategies, Russia puts in question NATO’s capacity to come to aid and assistance of threatened members. Although the Alliance declares that the aim of a NATO Missile Defence […]

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Nov
09

Donald Trump’s victory in the U.S. elections – possible consequences for American foreign and security policy

Preliminary results of the presidential elections in the United States indicate that Republican Donald Trump will be the 45th President of the United States. This may have big implications for U.S. allies because Trump in the course of the election campaign repeatedly promised to limit U.S. commitments in the world. This may be another catalyst for the European Union to enhance the Common Security and Defense Policy. Consequences for Europe Since the end of World War II, the United States has been the guarantor of security of the Old Continent. NATO consists of 26 European states. It connects North America (USA and Canada) with Europe. Most of these countries are […]

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Oct
25

Battle for Mosul – what is next for Iraq and the Islamic State?

On the night of 16 October 2016, the long-awaited offensive in Mosul began. Situated in northern Iraq, and with more than 2 million mostly Sunni inhabitants before the war, the city became in early summer 2014 a symbol of the weakness and collapse of the Iraqi state. Fewer than 2,000 Islamic State (IS) militants managed to take it over in a matter of hours almost without firing a shot, despite the fact that almost 70,000 Iraqi soldiers and officers were defending themselves throughout the entire province of Nineveh. Now the soldiers of the Iraqi army have the chance to take revenge on the Islamists of the caliphate for the humiliation […]

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Oct
17

In the shadow of Communistic missiles – Air and Missile Defence in Taiwan

History Taiwan (officially the Republic of China, ROC) is a country paying close attention to its security as well as the efficiency of its armed forces. Since the victory of Chinese communists in 1949, Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China formally remain in a state of conflict, despite détente in recent years (China perceives Taiwan as a rebellious province, therefore, Beijing has never renounced the possibility of using force to take control over the island). Thus, Taiwan maintains the armed forces with a strength of 215,000 soldiers (and 1,6 mln of reserve personnel) and spends approximately 2% of its GDP on defence (Taiwan’s military spending is continuously decreasing and […]

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Oct
05

Iran, Russia, Turkey: A New Middle Eastern Trio?

A turnaround in Russian-Turkish relations has become the main topic of discussion and source of concerns for Western countries for several weeks. A thaw in relations between these two countries is accompanied by another actor that can strengthen the construction of anti-Western bloc in the Middle East. This actor is Iran which is striving for supremacy in the region of Middle East and the Islamic world. Iran is putting pressure on Western countries to implement all provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) regarding cessation of sanctions and propounding the construction of multi-pole world, where the United States does not possess a primary position. Iran remains a controversial […]

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Sep
21

French response to air and ballistic missile threats

France has had no need to possess a typical ballistic missile defence system thus far. The country is not threatened with a ballistic missile strike, in contrast to states like the United States or Israel. However, it does not mean that France does not require specific capabilities against these threats. The French response is the SAMP/T (Sol-Air Moyenne Portée Terrestre or Surface-to-Air Missile Platform/Terrain), the medium range air defence system that is able to intercept ballistic missiles. History The Aster missile family consists of the following constructions: the short-range missile Aster-15 (an operational range over 30 km), and the Aster-30 missile with the operational range of over 100 km. These […]

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Sep
05

Hybrid Cold War in Europe

The post-Cold War era of international security in Europe has come to an end in 2014. An open political confrontation between the West and Russia is currently emerging. The participants of the dispute use certain measures such as diplomacy, information warfare, propaganda, economy (e.g. sanctions) as well as the military. Russia’s foreign policy is becoming militarised and littered with aggression toward its neighbours. Furthermore, growing military pressure against the West (e.g. its confrontational doctrine introducing the famous term of ‘nuclear de-escalation’), information concerning its military potential, military manoeuvres as well as military encounters including violation of the airspace, maritime incidents etc. characterise current Russian policy toward the Western world. The […]

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