Foreign Policy Publications


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Ukraine’s way to the European Union – is there a chance for a success story? (Przemysław Żurawski vel Grajewski)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 16, September 5, 2022 On June 23rd, 2022, at the EU summit in Brussels Ukraine has been granted the EU candidate status. The decision was fully supported by the European Parliament, which has approved it with an overwhelming majority that has voted in favour of Kyiv (529:45, with 14 abstentions). These are the acts that have been longing for for last 27 years (since the signing of the PCA – Partnership and Cooperation Agreement UE-Ukraine on June 14th, 1994) and many times supported by both Poland and Ukraine – lately in a joint declaration by the Presidents of the two countries on May 7th, 2021. The […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Disinformation in Poland on the war in Ukraine (Andrzej Kozłowski)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 9, 2022, June 1, 2022 Poland has been playing a crucial role in the war in Ukraine. It has been providing a military, economic and humanitarian aid to this country and it has turned in the most significant hub for transportation and military deliveries. Last but not least, Poland has accepted the largest number of Ukrainian refugees and granted them many social privileges. Thereby, Poland has become the number 1 enemy of Russian propaganda and disinformation efforts. Disinformation before he Russian invasion in 2022  The first disinformation mechanisms on a large scale in Poland exploiting a topic linked to Ukraine appeared in 2013 during the second […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY: Japan’s Policy Towards Russia After the Invasion of Ukraine (Piotr Malachiński)

Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine, which started on February 24, 2022, has forced Japan to rethink its strategy towards Vladimir Putin’s regime. The previous administration of Shinzo Abe sought a closer cooperation with Russia and engaged with it on both economic and political level, including in the matters of security. However, the new prime minister Fumio Kishida’s clear and open stance against the Russian aggression marks a turning point in the two countries’ relations. This change of attitude is seen in the verbal criticism, extensive sanctions, but also plans to change Russia’s status in Japan’s National Security Strategy, which suggests a long-term perception shift. Shinzo Abe’s pro-Russian policy Under Shinzo […]


Pulaski Commentary: Iranian Missiles Hit Erbil – What’s Next For The JCPOA? (Jakub Gajda)

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) released a statement on Sunday that it has attacked “Israeli Mossad training centers” in the Iraqi Kurdistan Autonomous Region with precision-guided ballistic missiles. The IRGC said the operation was in response to the Israeli killing (also in a rocket attack) of two Iranian military advisers on the outskirts of Damascus, Syria, on Monday, March 7. Iran’s actions have surprised analysts, especially in the context of talks of a new nuclear deal, which would be sure to ease sanctions and return Iran to the world economy. Interestingly, even before the IRGC command took responsibility for the attack, the Iranian media identified Shiite militias in Iraq […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER – How to respond to the confrontation that Russia is imposing on Europe (Robert Pszczel)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 2, 2022, February 21, 2022 “Comrades – we have been standing on the edge of a precipice. I am glad to say that we have made a great step forward”. This pun from a sketch performed by the Cracow-based cabaret in 1960s was mocking the absurdity of inept propaganda of the Polish communist rulers at the time. But it seems to capture the grim absurdity of the confrontation offensive engineered by the Putin regime today. The Kremlin seems genuinely ready to go to war against Ukraine – for no remotely rational pretext, only driven by a fear of the long-term consequences of the very existence and […]


EXPERT’s COMMENTARY – Iverson Ng: Poland must call out the Hong Kong Government’s crackdown on free press and manipulation of elections

Hong Kong has drawn the world’s attention again as the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the violation of fundamental freedoms in the city on 20 January 2022. In the resolution, the EU lawmakers highlighted China’s numerous violations of the UN-listed, legally binding, 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration by imposing an extraterritorial National Security Law (NSL) on Hong Kong and revamping the autonomous region’s electoral system. It has been the most strongly-worded resolution on Hong Kong’s status since the 2019 anti-extraction protests in the former British colony. This emergency debate of Hong Kong was the direct result of the 2021 Hong Kong Legislative Election which had a historic low turnout of […]


PULASKI COMMENATARY – O. Nadskakuła-Kaczmarczyk: The Kremlin and Navalny – the development of the situation in Russia after the return of the main critic of the government

Alexei Navalny returned to Russia on January 17, 2021. The oppositionist decided to take this step, despite the attempts from the Russian elite to discourage him from doing so. After the publication of the results of the Bellingcat and the Insider’s investigations, which identified eight associates of the Federal Security as being responsible of poisoning attempt of the opposition activist, all the Kremlin’s attention was aimed at Navalny. At the end of December 2020, there was information about a new criminal case against the leader of the opposition and an attempt to change  the suspended prison sentence from 2014 into an imprisonment. Navalny’s return to the country despite these risks […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – The new U.S. administration’s policy toward the “wider” Middle East and the threat from Islamic terrorism – an attempt to forecast

Although the legal and political battle over the final outcome of the US presidential elections is not yet over, it is almost certain that it is the Democratic candidate – Joe Biden – who has secured the largest number of electors, and therefore he will become the 46th President of the United States. After four years of Donald Trump’s “eccentric” presidency, full of sudden and unexpected decisions – also in the field of US foreign policy – the future of US strategy on key international issues again appears ambiguous. This uncertainty concerns nearly every aspect of U.S. actions on the international arena, including such key dimensions as the approach to […]



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