Foreign Policy Publications


Battle for Mosul – what is next for Iraq and the Islamic State?

On the night of 16 October 2016, the long-awaited offensive in Mosul began. Situated in northern Iraq, and with more than 2 million mostly Sunni inhabitants before the war, the city became in early summer 2014 a symbol of the weakness and collapse of the Iraqi state. Fewer than 2,000 Islamic State (IS) militants managed to take it over in a matter of hours almost without firing a shot, despite the fact that almost 70,000 Iraqi soldiers and officers were defending themselves throughout the entire province of Nineveh. Now the soldiers of the Iraqi army have the chance to take revenge on the Islamists of the caliphate for the humiliation […]


ANALYSIS: Key mistakes of Polish foreign policy towards Ukraine

In July 2016, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland (the lower house of the Parliament) passed a resolution recognising the massacre of Poles in Volhynia in the 1940s as a genocide, which in turn has affected Polish–Ukrainian relations. A large majority of Polish politicians and intellectual elites remain unaware of the scale of the problem as well as consequences of their own actions. It seems that a change of government has not contributed to the implementation of a new foreign policy approach towards Ukraine. Furthermore, the Government seems to continue the policy of its predecessors, which is flawed by short-sightedness, repeats the same mistakes and lacks a long-term vision. […]


Iran, Russia, Turkey: A New Middle Eastern Trio?

A turnaround in Russian-Turkish relations has become the main topic of discussion and source of concerns for Western countries for several weeks. A thaw in relations between these two countries is accompanied by another actor that can strengthen the construction of anti-Western bloc in the Middle East. This actor is Iran which is striving for supremacy in the region of Middle East and the Islamic world. Iran is putting pressure on Western countries to implement all provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) regarding cessation of sanctions and propounding the construction of multi-pole world, where the United States does not possess a primary position. Iran remains a controversial […]


The future of Iran after the inevitable succession regarding the position of Supreme Leader

Despite the fact that the head of the Iranian Government is the President chosen in general elections (this is currently Hassan Rouhani, who is perceived as a relatively moderate politician), the actual power in Iran is in the hands of the Supreme Leader (Rahbar). Thus, he dominates a process of creating Iran’s foreign, security and defense policies, including in relation to Iran’s nuclear program. As well as being able to remove the President from office, the Supreme Leader is also responsible for declaring war and general mobilization, given that he is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces (Artesh), as well as the Head of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard […]


The North Atlantic Alliance toward terrorist threats – a summary of the NATO summit in Warsaw

At the Warsaw summit held on 8 and 9 July 2016, the North Atlantic Alliance made numerous significant decisions in order to strengthen NATO member states’ security and the entire North Atlantic Treaty area, including the so-called eastern flank in particular. This matter was not only the key point of NATO deliberations in Warsaw and its political agenda, but it also attracted considerable attention from the media and public opinion, particularly in Poland as well as Central and Eastern Europe. In the meantime, during the 48-hour conference in the capital of Poland, representatives of the Alliance’s member states discussed many more issues, which are equally important for the security of […]


Taliban leadership change may lead to renewal of the peace process in Afghanistan

The President Obama Administration decided to eliminate Taliban leader Mullah Mansour after his reluctance to continue peace talks with Afghan government. The regional indicators are providing more promising ground for the future prospects regarding peace talks and it will give chance to neighboring strategic players to get involve in the serious initiatives toward peace process. United States and its allied partners will continue to push Afghan-owned peace process in which both Taliban and Afghan government can manage to bring lasting solution to the conflict.   On the 21st of May 2016 a drone operated by the United States Armed Forces hit the car transporting Taliban leader mullah Akhtar Mansour on the […]


Libya–North African ‘Heart of Darkness’

During the interview given to the American television in April 2016, US President Barack Obama admitted that the US policy toward Libya, after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, was a mistake. Consequently, the public opinion in the United States has focused once again on current situation in Libya. Furthermore, it is worth emphasising the fifth anniversary of the Libyan Revolution this year. The revolution (as a part of the Arab Spring) has permanently changed this North African country. There is no doubt that after 5 years of a civil war, Libya has become ‘a black hole’ of the regional security and one of the three most destabilised states […]


Russian information war – Ukrainian front

The upcoming presidential elections in the United States and the migration crisis in Europe have serious consequences for the whole of the West. In the context of Russian-Ukrainian conflict, they enable the Russian Federation to undergo a number of actions in the area of psychological warfare, as well as to continue an aggressive foreign policy. In addition, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe find themselves in a peculiar situation, taking into account such factors as the serious government crisis in Kiev, the escalating political dispute in Warsaw, the new post-election reality in Bratislava, and the serious weakening of Angela Merkel’s position (and thus the position of Berlin, the strongest […]



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