Foreign Policy Publications


The Syria peace process – a chance to end the conflict?

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), the Syrian civil war is responsible for the deaths of nearly 250,000 people since it began in 2011. More than four million Syrians have been registered in refugee camps, and almost eight million people can be described as Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). Despite all efforts, including those made by the Group of Friends of the Nation of Syria, the Geneva meetings, UN resolutions and the ‘Inherent Resolve’ military operation led by the United States and its allies, the situation in Syria has not been stabilized. The situation has been further complicated by Russia and Iran, who have joined in the conflict […]


The role of Foreign Military Sales in the Polish Armed Forces’ procurement program for its ‘Wisla’ air defense system

On November 25, 2015 Minister Antoni Macierewicz confirmed that in the near future the Ministry of Defense is to review the most important tenders for armaments. In his statement it was also suggested that the Polish negotiating position regarding the tender for its ‘Wisla’ air defense system from American suppliers might change. Doubts have arisen concerning the way the U.S. government is using Foreign Military Sales, as well as Poland’s room for maneuver at this stage of the tender. Modes of acquiring U.S. weapons The legislation of the United States assumes two main ways of offering American defense articles to foreign countries and international institutions: Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and […]


Peace operations and policy regarding conflicts – necessary changes and Poland’s position

The United Nations celebrated its 70th anniversary (1945-2015) at a difficult time. For the first time since the end of the Cold War the number of armed conflicts around the world has increased. Civil wars and crises  increasing number of inflammatory regions have produced growing number of victims and the largest humanitarian crisis since the Second World War. According to reports by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees,, almost 60 million people are currently displaced by wars and conflicts. Many factors have contributed to such a state of affairs. Three of them seem to be the most serious. Firstly, the widespread of transnational, organised armed extremist movements which breed on […]


POLICY PAPER: Geopolitical aspects of the Paris terrorist attacks

The attacks in Paris on 13 November 2015, the deadliest in Europe for a decade, will undoubtedly contribute to major changes in the socio-political climate in the European Union and affect the future of the European integration process. Especially since the attacks occurred at a time when European countries are facing a huge immigration crisis from the regions of North Africa and the Middle East. The dramatic events that have taken place in Paris also have a clear geopolitical dimension, which in the long run may prove to be much more important than the relatively short-term strategic implications. The coalition of the reluctant The Paris attacks are a confirmation of […]


The Balkans and the migration crisis

According to the latest report from Frontex, the EU border management agency, 710,000 immigrants crossed the borders of the European Union between January and the end of September 2015. Immigrants are trying to get into the EU using mainly two routes: the Mediterranean one and the Balkan one. The latter leads from Turkey via Greece, Macedonia, Serbia to Hungary and then on to Austria, Germany and Sweden. Some migrants from the Middle East also go to Serbia through Bulgaria, but this is still a rarely chosen route. The Balkan states have for several months been struggling with the problem of thousands of people illegally trying to cross their territory to […]


Russian involvement in Syria as a geopolitical game-changer for the region and the world

The Russian military operation in Syria, launched at the end of September 2015, surprised all observers and participants of the conflict in that country. Few could have predicted that Vladimir Putin would go so far with this open participation in the Syrian war, taking the side of the Syrian government. Such a direct and open military involvement of Moscow, supporting the authorities in Damascus, has caused immediate changes both to the operational situation in Syria itself, as well as to the entire strategic environment of this five-year old conflict. Russia’s daring move in the Levant has resulted in a geopolitical tsunami, whose reach extends well beyond the narrowly perceived Syrian […]


Fourteen years of war against Islamic terrorism – evaluation and prospects

Launched almost a decade and a half ago, the international war against Islamic extremism and terrorism is still far from resolution. This conflict, usually referred to as the Global War on Terror (GWOT) or, more realistically, as the Long War, is taking place on more and more fronts, perceived not only in terms of geography. The battle is also taking place in the virtual world (the Internet and social media) and in the psychological and propagandist-media dimension. Islamists are doing very well on all of these fronts, creating a reality, dictating the pace to their opponents, and winning new supporters. The current situation in the fight against radical Islam and […]


Towards the NATO Summit in Warsaw

The NATO Summit in Newport, which took place in September 2014, was conducted in the shadow of the Russian military intervention against Ukraine and its increasing assertiveness towards the entire region of Central and Eastern Europe. Then NATO made decisions aimed at adapting itself to the changing security situation, both in the short perspective (e.g. rotational presence of allied forces in the region) and strategic perspective (including earmarking an immediate reaction force – VJTF from the NATO Response Force). These decisions were in line with Poland’s expectations, which called for both the strengthening of the strategic eastern flank of NATO, and significant improvements in the Alliance’s response mechanisms in crisis […]



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