Foreign Policy Publications

Apr
22

The situation in Kosovo, seven years after the declaration of independence

On December 9, 2014, half a year after the parliamentary elections, the government in Kosovo was appointed with Isa Mustafa as the Prime Minister. However, the state’s independence is still based on assistance from the outside partners, especially the United States and the EU. Although the International Civil Office (ICO) and the International Civil Representative (ICR) completed their activities in Kosovo in 2012, UNMIK (the UN mission), EULEX (the civilian EU mission), and KFOR (NATO’s military operation) are all still present in the country. Their objective is to oversee the maintenance of internal security, strengthen the country’s power and administration, and assist in the implementation of the necessary reforms. The […]
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Apr
13

Protection of the security system vs. counter-terrorism policy of the European Union

In today’s world the proper identification of risk and the ability to respond immediately to emergencies are essential. For centuries ensuring safety has been a primary function of the state. The state establishes its priorities and improves the level of protection on its territory. The variety of equities at risk, the size of the threats and the circumstances in which they may occur, create regulations on security and public order in many fields. Responsible public administration is a factor contributing to the overall security of the citizens in the state. The abuse of discretionary power, sometimes seemingly leading to illustrate the efficiency of these bodies, contributes to a violation of […]

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Feb
27

Georgia and Ukraine: Two Stories, Same Strategy?

Traumatized by ongoing fights in Ukraine the Western community continues to challenge Russia diplomatically and with ongoing sanctions. In January alone separatists bombed Mariupol, took control over a devastated Donetsk International Airport and announced plans to further increase the number of their soldiers. When almost full attention is paid to Donbas, two separatist republics in Georgia – Abkhazia and South Ossetia – gain their momentum. Russia is gaining new ground in Caucasus and it might be more and more difficult to return to the status quo. Poland should lead the efforts of the Western community to strengthen NATO and the EU in order to deprive Moscow from its potential counter-legitimacy […]

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Feb
19

A new Islamist offensive in the West?

The Islamist terrorist attack that took place in Copenhagen on February 14, 2015 is the latest incident of this kind in a Western European country in recent months. Less than a month and a half after the bloody attack on the editorial staff of the satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo in Paris, the events in the Danish capital have again drawn the attention of the Western public to the problem of Islamic extremism and terrorism. It is worth noting that the attack in Paris was the deadliest incident of Islamic terrorism in Europe since the attacks in London in 2005. It served as a symbolic end to a decade of relative […]

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Jan
20

Energy Union – a key concept in the EU energy policy

In response to the energy crisis of 2009, the creation of an energy union has been promoted within the EU with varying degrees of commitment. Initially, the idea was called the European Energy Community, and was popularized by former European Commission President Jacques Delors and the former European Parliament President Jerzy Buzek. Their conception emphasised the creation of a common energy policy by developing energy solidarity mechanisms. While the name of the project as well as its main promoter (now Donald Tusk) have changed, the idea, proposed as a response to the energy crisis, is still valid. The consequences of the Ukrainian-Russian conflict have highlighted the need to take decisive […]

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Dec
30

Afghanistan after the ISAF – how to avoid failure?

The date of 31 December 2014 will not go down in Afghanistan’s history as a solely positive one. It could have been otherwise had the strategic and political conditions been different. This date, indicating the end of the 13-year-long combat military presence in Afghanistan of Western countries, will not be remembered as the moment when a new perspective opened before the country and its people in conditions of stability, peace and economic prosperity. The current reality in Afghanistan is far from stability in every way: from the socio-political and economic situation to the country’s security issues. The security situation in Afghanistan on the eve of the end of the ISAF […]

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Oct
31

NATO Summit in Newport – Implications for Poland’s National Security

The NATO Summit in Newport, which took place on September 4-5, 2014, brought important decisions for Poland’s national security. The Alliance will strengthen its military presence on its eastern flank. In addition, the creation of the immediate reaction force (Very High Readiness Joint Task Force, VJTF) from NATO’s Response Force (NRF) will improve NATO’s ability to respond to crises. The summit has also served as the confirmation of the transatlantic bond. The member states have declared their will to gradually increase defense spending. The results of the summit in Wales should be considered satisfactory. From the point of view of Poland’s security, the following issues are of vital importance:Russia’s hostile […]

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Oct
13

The ‘new’ government and old problems – the political and economic situation in Macedonia

In the spring of 2014 both rounds of the presidential elections (April 13 and April 27) and early parliamentary elections (April 27) took place in Macedonia. The winner was the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE). The party of the current Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, it has ruled the country since 2006. Gjorge Ivanov, the former President of the Republic of Macedonia and a VMRO-DPMNE candidate in the battle for re-election, also succeeded. Winning just under 56 per cent of the vote in the second round of the election, he defeated his rival Stevo Pendarovski, the candidate of the largest opposition party, the Social Democratic Union […]

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