Pulaski Commentary


PULASKI COMMENTARY: The Finnish Defence Forces’ Preparedness for NATO Accession (Jimmyn Lee)

Finland’s bid to gain NATO membership was a direct response to Russia’s February 2022 invasion of Ukraine. This decision was made jointly with Sweden, a fellow militarily non-aligned state, and NATO foreign ministers focused on how to expedite their accession process as much as possible. Finland has participated in NATO’s Partnership for Peace since 1994 and the Enhanced Opportunities Program since 2004. As a result, the Finnish Defence Forces are well-prepared to operate as an Allied military and provide a credible deterrent against Russian aggression in the region. The Finnish Defence Force’s primary mission has always been the military defence of Finland. As a result, the FDF has remained steadfastly […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY: Japan’s Policy Towards Russia After the Invasion of Ukraine (Piotr Malachiński)

Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine, which started on February 24, 2022, has forced Japan to rethink its strategy towards Vladimir Putin’s regime. The previous administration of Shinzo Abe sought a closer cooperation with Russia and engaged with it on both economic and political level, including in the matters of security. However, the new prime minister Fumio Kishida’s clear and open stance against the Russian aggression marks a turning point in the two countries’ relations. This change of attitude is seen in the verbal criticism, extensive sanctions, but also plans to change Russia’s status in Japan’s National Security Strategy, which suggests a long-term perception shift. Shinzo Abe’s pro-Russian policy Under Shinzo […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY: The key premises of the Polish Homeland Defence Act (Michał Oleksiejuk)

A comprehensive reform of the Polish Armed Forces, announced over a year ago, has significantly accelerated since the outbreak of the war in Ukraine. The Homeland Defence Act (HDA) was first announced by the government in October 2021. On March 17, 2022 it has been approved by the Polish Senate and only a day later it also received a formal signature of approval from the President of the Republic of Poland. The most important assumptions of the HDA in its current form include an increase in defense spending to the level of 3% of GDP in as early as 2023, an increase in the size of the army and the […]


Pulaski Commentary: Iranian Missiles Hit Erbil – What’s Next For The JCPOA? (Jakub Gajda)

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) released a statement on Sunday that it has attacked “Israeli Mossad training centers” in the Iraqi Kurdistan Autonomous Region with precision-guided ballistic missiles. The IRGC said the operation was in response to the Israeli killing (also in a rocket attack) of two Iranian military advisers on the outskirts of Damascus, Syria, on Monday, March 7. Iran’s actions have surprised analysts, especially in the context of talks of a new nuclear deal, which would be sure to ease sanctions and return Iran to the world economy. Interestingly, even before the IRGC command took responsibility for the attack, the Iranian media identified Shiite militias in Iraq […]

By Piotr Wojtas | News . Pulaski Commentary

PULASKI COMMENTARY: The Intention to Attack the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant – Chaotic or Deliberate Action by the Russian Federation? (Mikołaj Oettingen)

On the night of 3 to 4 March this year, the Russian Federation carried out an attack on the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant. This has raised concerns among the public in Western countries about the safety of nuclear reactors. Intentional action by the Russian Federation to destroy or damage the nuclear power plant seems unlikely. The most likely aim of the attack, apart from taking over the plant, seems to be to create disinformation about the potential possibility of damage to the reactors and an increase in radiation.  Site specification The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant (Запорізька атомна електростанція – ЗАЕС) is located in the Zaporizhzhia Oblast in the town of […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY: The first week of the Russian aggression against Ukraine – the military situation and the international dimension (Tomasz Smura)

After 7 days of the military campaign initiated by the Russian aggression against Ukraine, the situation of the Ukrainian Armed Forces is deteriorating, the Russians, despite the losses and the unsatisfactory general course of the campaign, are consistently pursuing their operational goals, i.e. encircling Kiev from the west and east. At the same time, there will be a risk of cutting off the Ukrainian forces operating in the south-east of the country. Under these circumstances, the West must intensify pressure on Russia and increase military aid to Ukraine before Ukrainian communication lines are cut. Military situation The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation operating from the north on the west […]


EXPERT’s COMMENTARY: Russian invasion of Ukraine – what else can the West do? (Marcin Bużański)

Unleashing its war machine in Ukraine, Russia has challenged the foundations of the international security order. It must be defended, with the Western democracies leading this fight. It starts with overwhelming support for Ukraine. Second, Russian regime must be confronted and contained – in a sustained manner. Third – Western alliances need to be resolute and strengthened, including through expansion. Today Ukrainians are fighting for peaceful and prosperous lifestyles for the people in Europe and beyond. First order of business is to provide them military and non-military support – and continue to do so as long as needed. While at this early point, sending in NATO troops is not an […]

By Piotr Wojtas | Pulaski Commentary

PULASKI COMMENTARY: Russian invasion of Ukraine day II (Tomasz Smura)

Russian aggression against Ukraine continues. The second day of the conflict, like the first one, began with massive missile attacks on Ukrainian military targets (e.g.  air defence systems). The land offensive continued along all operational axis. To the north, towards Kiev, on the western side of the Dnieper, Russian sabotage groups appeared in the north-western district of Kiev, Obolon. However, according to the information provided by the Ukrainian authorities in the morning, they were broken up. It seems that it could have been another attempt to accelerate the Russian offensive on the capital of Ukraine from this side, after yesterday’s unsuccessful attempt of the Russian air assault troops transported with […]



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