Pulaski Commentary


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: R. Johnson – Putin, Lukashenko and Lessons Learned From Zapad-2021

Pulaski Policy Paper no 10, 2021, November 04, 2021 Russia has conducted Zapad-2021, the latest instalment of its quadrennial joint military exercises with the Republic of Belarus. They lasted from the 10th until the 16th of September 2021. A large part of the exercise took place on the territory of Belarus, requiring a significant number of Russian military units to be transported into the former Soviet republic, where they carried out the various manoeuvres that the Zapad-2021 set of operational objectives required from them. Most of what was seen in the news reporting and in the video coverage of the Zapad exercise, was the, “hot phase” of the entire week-long […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY – R. PSZCZEL: NATO Summit 2021– initial scoresheet

Traditionally, NATO summits are the landmark events for the entire organisation – unlike for example in the case of the European Union, they normally take place only every few years and thus the pressure to come up with strategically oriented decisions is very strong (and usually delivered upon). What is the initial scoresheet of the summit held “in the pivotal time for our Alliance” on June 14th, 2021?[1] Firstly, President Biden has not disappointed. His commitment to NATO was on full display throughout the meeting. His remarks that “collective defence is a sacred obligation” rang true and had a deeper meaning – particularly having the topsy-turvy performances of his predecessor […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY – R. PSZCZEL: Russia on the path of confrontation

Only those, who want to practice the three wise monkeys pose (see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil) can continue pretending that a direct confrontation with Russia is not upon us. No exercise in wishful thinking can obscure the threat to the post-Cold War stability, brought about by Russia’s recent actions targeting Ukraine, the West and international norms in general. Examples abound. Continued massing of troops and military equipment on Ukraine’s borders; illegal closing of the Kerch Strait passage to foreign, non-commercial vessels; refusal to acknowledge virulent propaganda, disinformation, and cyber-attacks; exposed spying in such diverse countries as Italy or Bulgaria and most recent revelations of state-sponsored terrorist […]


PULASKI COMMENTARY – R. Pszczel: The West is back

Recent meetings and decisions taken by NATO and European institutions have provided more reasons for optimism for those who care about the condition of the Transatlantic community of states. The new US administration is walking the walk. It is methodically outlining its key strategies and reinvigorating alliances and partnerships. This is hugely important because there is no time to waste, as both Russia and China are openly challenging the West and its values. In February 2020, the annual Munich Security Conference, bringing together key decision-makers from both sides of the Atlantic, pushed a debate towards a somewhat defeatist slogan “Westlesness in the West: what are we defending?” The organizers clearly […]


PULASKI COMMENATARY – O. Nadskakuła-Kaczmarczyk: The Kremlin and Navalny – the development of the situation in Russia after the return of the main critic of the government

Alexei Navalny returned to Russia on January 17, 2021. The oppositionist decided to take this step, despite the attempts from the Russian elite to discourage him from doing so. After the publication of the results of the Bellingcat and the Insider’s investigations, which identified eight associates of the Federal Security as being responsible of poisoning attempt of the opposition activist, all the Kremlin’s attention was aimed at Navalny. At the end of December 2020, there was information about a new criminal case against the leader of the opposition and an attempt to change  the suspended prison sentence from 2014 into an imprisonment. Navalny’s return to the country despite these risks […]


PULASKI COMMENATARY: Middle East Conference in Warsaw — “Warsaw Process” an alternative to the Madrid Quartet?

This year, between February 13th and 14th, delegations of sixty-two countries met in Warsaw to debate on the subject of security in the Middle East. This ministerial conference ended with arousing various emotions and left the most important questions about the situation in the Middle East unanswered. General overview According to the post-conference statement of its co-organisers – that is the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, Jacek Czaputowicz and the US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo – the conference was devoted to building peace and security in the Middle East. They have also emphasised the broad and active participation of many delegates. According to the organizers, […]


COMMENTARY: The coming era of great power competition – the United States unveils its 2018 National Defense Strategy

January 30, 2018 On January 19th 2018, U.S Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis unveiled the U.S. National Defense Strategy. The document supplements the National Security Strategy (NSS), which was published a month before, on December 18th 2017, and will likely complement the coming National Military Strategy, and the Nuclear Posture Review. The NDS is meant to present the Department of Defense’ take on the strategy and principal goals of the United States in the international arena, picking up on the themes laid out in the National Security Strategy. The document constitutes a significant departure from positions held by the previous Administrations, and by doing so heeds to the political and […]


COMMENTARY: „America First” – the new US National Security Strategy

December 29, 2017 On December 18th 2017 President Donald Trump unveiled the new National Security Strategy of the United States. The Strategy emphasized the threats and challenges stemming from China, Russia, Iran and North Korea. Although the document declares primacy of US interests, it also stresses the necessity of cooperation with America’s allies. What is a National Security Strategy? The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 obligated the executive branch to periodically deliver a National Security Strategy (NSS) to the US Congress. It is one of the most important documents, which presents threats and challenges to US security and necessary remedial actions to eliminate them or reduce their impact. While the importance […]



im. Kazimierza Pułaskiego
ul. Oleandrów 6
00-629 Warszawa
tel.: 022 658 04 01
faks: 022 205 06 35
e-mail: office@pulaski.pl
rada europy
Fundacja im. Kazimierza Pułaskiego posiada status partnerski
Rady Europy.