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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: The Russian troops on the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant site. The potential consequences? Jerzy Majcher

Pulaski Policy Paper no 18, September 20, 2022 There is no doubt that the information about the invasion of Russian troops on the site of the nuclear power plant (NPP) in Zaporizhia provoked an emotional reaction not only in Europe but in the whole world. It led to the intervention of the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna in the form of a visit of a group of inspectors representing various specialties, who arrived at the nuclear facility used for civil, not military purposes. The reaction of the institution established for the nuclear supervision is completely justified, because of the fact of the military incursion into the nuclear facility. Therefore […]

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Kaliningrad Oblast closer to its ever-distant masters

Pulaski Policy Paper no 17, September 19 2022 One of the consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the Western sanctions that followed has been deteriorating economic situation in Kaliningrad Oblast. The Russian semi-exclave on the Baltic, already affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and travel restrictions, has suffered from disrupted supply deliveries, closure of external markets and peaking transportation costs. Despite statements made by Russian government officials, blaming the West for all problems, the Oblast faces challenges that are predominantly related to policies pursued by the Kremlin, focused on keeping the semi-exclave fully dependent from the federal centre. Kaliningrad Oblast will thus continue to bear the price of decisions made in […]

Warsaw Security Forum – a chance for constructive conclusions and analyzes after more than 200 days of Russian aggression against Ukraine.

200 days ago Russian troops invaded Ukraine. This open incursion into a sovereign territory of one of European countries shook Europe and drastically changed the foreign policy of the Euro-Atlantic zone. Since then, politicians, experts and ordinary people have been trying to make sense of the rapidly changing reality by analyzing the news coming from the front line. Since 2014, the Casimir Pulaski Foundation is the host of the Warsaw Security Forum. The conference, organized this year for the ninth time, is a platform for analyzing current challenges for the geopolitical environment in the transatlantic area and serves to develop specific proposals and solutions to be applied by decision-makers in […]

Ukraine’s Way to the European Union – is There a Chance for a Success Story?  

Pulaski Policy Paper no 16, September 5 2022 On June 23rd, 2022, at the EU summit in Brussels Ukraine has been granted the EU candidate status. The decision was fully supported by the European Parliament, which has approved it with an overwhelming majority that has voted in favour of Kyiv (529:45, with 14 abstentions). These are the acts that have been longing for for last 27 years (since the signing of the PCA – Partnership and Cooperation Agreement UE-Ukraine on June 14th, 1994) and many times supported by both Poland and Ukraine – lately in a joint declaration by the Presidents of the two countries on May 7th, 2021. The […]

PULASKI COMMENTARY: Hungary’s policy of non-engagement in the armed conflict in Ukraine – what is the rationale behind this? (Ihor Havrylyuk)

After Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on February 24th, 2022, Hungary has been one of the few members of the Euro-Atlantic community that took a cautious stance in regard to providing Ukraine with political and material support. Budapest’s decision not to send its own lethal weapons to Kyiv and not to allow partners to transport military aid through its own territory has been widely perceived as a breach of the Euro-Atlantic unity and has come under criticism even by the regional partners from the Visegrád Group (V4). On July 19th, 2022, Levente Magyar, Hungarian Deputy Foreign Minister, officially communicated Hungary’s readiness to allow all aid heading to Ukraine, […]

International Defence Industry Exhibition – MSPO (6-9.09.2022)

The representatives of the Casimir Pulaski Foundation will participate in this years’ edition of the International Defence Industry Exhibition. The MSPO a comprehensive presentation of military equipment, business meetings and contracts signed between manufacturers from different continents and the defence sectors. MSPO is ranked third among all Europe’s exhibitions, after the Paris and London trade shows and will be organized from 6 to 9 September 2022 in Kielce, Poland. The 2021 MSPO hosted around 400 companies from 27 countries, more than a dozen foreign delegations and almost 11,000 visitors. The XXX edition of the MSPO will showcase Polish and global defence industry helicopters, armored equipment and rockets, explosives, chemical troops […]

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Russia-Ukraine war in cyberspace (Andrzej Kozłowski)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 15, August 17 2022 The Russo-Ukrainian war, which started on 24 February has been the most significant armed conflict in Europe since the II World War. Alongside the traditional fight with artillery, tanks and ground troops’ fighting, it is also the first time when a cyber component is used on the wider scale by both sides. Many theoretical works have been published predicting how the war in cyberspace may look like but the war in Ukraine delivers actual answers to some questions bothering the experts and also brings important lessons for Poland. The myth of Cyber Pearl Harbor The term of cyber Pearl Harbor or 9/11 […]

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Ukrainian Offensive Operations in 2022: Strategic Context, Capabilities, Risks and Likely Scenarios

Pulaski Policy Paper no 14, August 11, 2022 Started on 24 February 2022, Russian invasion ended a “hybrid” period of armed aggression against Ukraine’s independence, democracy and policy of integration with EU and NATO. After five and a half  months of war, despite huge losses and early failures, Russia shows no intention to scale back its offensive operations. Although underequipped and constrained with deficit of resources, the Ukrainian army plans to regain all territories lost since 2014. That is why it is important to look at the likely scenarios of the war and assess what feasible Western actions can influence it in the near future. Strategic Context Russia: goals and […]

PULASKI COMMENTARY: De-Westernisation of ITU (Andrzej Kozłowski)

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is again a place of clash over the vision of the Internet as the elections to choose the next head of the organisation are approaching. After 8 years of Chinese leadership, the one of the frontrunner in the elections is a Russian candidate. Does the ITU become a centre of promoting non-western vision of the Internet and therefore will contribute to limit the free flow of information worldwide?   What are we fighting  for? International Telecommunication Union is the specialised agency of the United Nations, which is responsible for information and communication technologies area. It was established originally in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union. […]

The Leaders of the Casimir Pulaski Foundation and the Warsaw Security Forum visit Kyiv to promote strengthened international support for Ukraine

Coordination of international efforts for close integration of Ukraine with the European Union, increased military assistance of NATO countries, and financing of post-war reconstruction of Ukraine were the main goals of the visit of the representatives of the Casimir Pulaski Foundation in Kyiv. The delegation, which included the Foundation's Management and representatives of the International Advisory Board of the Warsaw Security Forum, was in Kyiv from 19 to 21 July. VISIT TO KYIV During the three-day visit of the Foundation's representatives, Vice-Chairman of the Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee Paweł Kowal and former Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Poland - Jacek Czaputowicz and Lithuania - Linas Linkevičius met with, among others, […]

What can Poland learn from the United Kingdom in its approach to naval development planning? THE LATEST PULASKI REPORT.

The maritime environment has invariably remained a key facilitator in all kinds of globalisation processes for hundreds of years. Humanity has entered a new level of development of socio-cultural, economic, political and military relations because of the possibility of efficient use of waterways. Even now, when it would seem that modern technologies would have significantly reduced the importance of the maritime environment, it turns out that mankind continues to rely on the seas and oceans for political, military as well as economic issues. In 2020, almost 90% of all global trade products (by volume) were transported by water. These products also accounted for as much as 70% of the total […]

PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Madrid NATO Strategic Concept: Qualitative Change or Semantic Healing? (Andrzej Fałkowski)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 12, July 14 2022 The North Atlantic Treaty is like the constitution of an organisation, inviolable and containing more universal and indisputable content. The Strategic Concept, on the other hand, is a kind of NATO signpost, defining the directions important for the Alliance countries for the coming years. The new Strategic Concept adopted during 2022 NATO Summit should not be considered in isolation from other decisions taken in Madrid. There were more, both official and off-the-record, which we may never know, or we will find out many years later. Since the Madrid Concept will be the Alliance’s compass for the next decade (the previous one lasted […]