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Feb
16

The U.S. Election – consequences for nuclear security

Nuclear arsenal continues to play a narrow but crucial role in the U.S. military strategy. But, as most European NATO member states perceive the outcome of the U.S. 2016 presidential elections as ‘unexpected’, a debate on European nuclear deterrence capability as an alternative to the American one rekindles in major European capitals.  Sensitive issue of the future of nuclear deterrence strategy and nuclear arsenal in Europe requires urgent action and smart funding commitments, both by the U.S. and its European allies. Since the end of the Cold War, the United States has sought to reduce the role of nuclear arsenal in deterrence of non-nuclear attacks on itself and its allies. […]

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Oct
17

In the shadow of Communistic missiles – Air and Missile Defence in Taiwan

History Taiwan (officially the Republic of China, ROC) is a country paying close attention to its security as well as the efficiency of its armed forces. Since the victory of Chinese communists in 1949, Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China formally remain in a state of conflict, despite détente in recent years (China perceives Taiwan as a rebellious province, therefore, Beijing has never renounced the possibility of using force to take control over the island). Thus, Taiwan maintains the armed forces with a strength of 215,000 soldiers (and 1,6 mln of reserve personnel) and spends approximately 2% of its GDP on defence (Taiwan’s military spending is continuously decreasing and […]

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Iran, Russia, Turkey: A New Middle Eastern Trio?

A turnaround in Russian-Turkish relations has become the main topic of discussion and source of concerns for Western countries for several weeks. A thaw in relations between these two countries is accompanied by another actor that can strengthen the construction of anti-Western bloc in the Middle East. This actor is Iran which is striving for supremacy in the region of Middle East and the Islamic world. Iran is putting pressure on Western countries to implement all provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) regarding cessation of sanctions and propounding the construction of multi-pole world, where the United States does not possess a primary position. Iran remains a controversial […]

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Jul
05

Ballistic Missile Defence Systems in East Asia and the Middle East – Conclusions for Poland

There is a need to possess at least ballistic missile defence (BMD) system in certain strategic points, defending against limited ballistic missile attack – it is a main conclusion from the “Ballistic Missile Defence Systems in East Asia and the Middle East – Conclusions for Poland” expert meeting, organized by the Casimir Pulaski Foundation, which was held on June 5, 2016 in the Foundation’s office. During the panel, the panellists – Uzi Rubin from Begin-Sadat Centre for Strategic Studies (Israel), former Deputy Chief of Staff of the ROC Air Force (Taiwan) general Tsai-Mai Tien and Tom Karako from Center for Strategic & International Studies (USA), as well as invited guests […]

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Jun
15

Baltic Sea States have common goals but look in different directions

On July 9, 2016 Casimir Pulaski Foundation organised the Baltic Sea Security Conference. An important task of the conference was to provide a platform for discussion on the security in the Baltic Sea region and to assess the potential of cooperation between navies of various countries. “Key thing in this perspective should be the choice of appropriate equipment, which the Baltic Sea states should possess” – said Zbigniew Pisarski, the President of the Foundation. “Poland is currently implementing a modernization programme of the Navy. The experience of other NATO countries can be very practical for selecting appropriate solutions” – he added. Among speakers there were Carl Bildt – Prime Minister […]

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Jan
27

COMMENTARY: The diplomatic conflict between Russia and Turkey: a challenge to energy security

On November 24, 2015, the Turkish Air Force shot down a Russian SU-24 bomber. The President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, warned that this incident will bear ‘‘significant consequences’’ on bilateral relations. The conflict between Russia, a major oil and gas supplier to the EU, and Turkey, an important transit country, puts European energy security at risk. The Su-24 shoot-down President Putin denied allegations that the incident took place in Turkish territory. However prior to the shoot down, Russia had violated Turkish airspace on four occasions during the operation in Syria. Turkey warned Russia against such actions on prior occasions, yet intrusions continued. Moreover, Russia has a history of […]

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Nov
16
Jul
07

New Cold War – the impact of the deterioration of relations between Russia and the West on the security environment in Europe

On 10 March 2015 Russia announced the suspension of its participation in the Joint Consultative Group of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE). As explained by the director of the Non-Proliferation and Arms Control Department in the Russian Foreign Ministry, Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia, suspending in 2007 the execution of the CFE, chose to remain in the consultative group, treating it as a forum for dialogue on a new arms control regime in Europe. However, according to Moscow, due to the lack of progress in this matter, Russia regarded its further participation in the consultative body as pointless. The CFE treaty signed in 1990 established the quantitative ceiling […]

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