Foreign Policy Publications


PULASKI COMMENTARY: Japan’s Policy Towards Russia After the Invasion of Ukraine (Piotr Malachiński)

Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine, which started on February 24, 2022, has forced Japan to rethink its strategy towards Vladimir Putin’s regime. The previous administration of Shinzo Abe sought a closer cooperation with Russia and engaged with it on both economic and political level, including in the matters of security. However, the new prime minister Fumio Kishida’s clear and open stance against the Russian aggression marks a turning point in the two countries’ relations. This change of attitude is seen in the verbal criticism, extensive sanctions, but also plans to change Russia’s status in Japan’s National Security Strategy, which suggests a long-term perception shift. Shinzo Abe’s pro-Russian policy Under Shinzo […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER – How to respond to the confrontation that Russia is imposing on Europe (Robert Pszczel)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 2, 2022, February 21, 2022 “Comrades – we have been standing on the edge of a precipice. I am glad to say that we have made a great step forward”. This pun from a sketch performed by the Cracow-based cabaret in 1960s was mocking the absurdity of inept propaganda of the Polish communist rulers at the time. But it seems to capture the grim absurdity of the confrontation offensive engineered by the Putin regime today. The Kremlin seems genuinely ready to go to war against Ukraine – for no remotely rational pretext, only driven by a fear of the long-term consequences of the very existence and […]


EXPERT’s COMMENTARY – Iverson Ng: Poland must call out the Hong Kong Government’s crackdown on free press and manipulation of elections

Hong Kong has drawn the world’s attention again as the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the violation of fundamental freedoms in the city on 20 January 2022. In the resolution, the EU lawmakers highlighted China’s numerous violations of the UN-listed, legally binding, 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration by imposing an extraterritorial National Security Law (NSL) on Hong Kong and revamping the autonomous region’s electoral system. It has been the most strongly-worded resolution on Hong Kong’s status since the 2019 anti-extraction protests in the former British colony. This emergency debate of Hong Kong was the direct result of the 2021 Hong Kong Legislative Election which had a historic low turnout of […]


PULASKI COMMENATARY – O. Nadskakuła-Kaczmarczyk: The Kremlin and Navalny – the development of the situation in Russia after the return of the main critic of the government

Alexei Navalny returned to Russia on January 17, 2021. The oppositionist decided to take this step, despite the attempts from the Russian elite to discourage him from doing so. After the publication of the results of the Bellingcat and the Insider’s investigations, which identified eight associates of the Federal Security as being responsible of poisoning attempt of the opposition activist, all the Kremlin’s attention was aimed at Navalny. At the end of December 2020, there was information about a new criminal case against the leader of the opposition and an attempt to change  the suspended prison sentence from 2014 into an imprisonment. Navalny’s return to the country despite these risks […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – The new U.S. administration’s policy toward the “wider” Middle East and the threat from Islamic terrorism – an attempt to forecast

Although the legal and political battle over the final outcome of the US presidential elections is not yet over, it is almost certain that it is the Democratic candidate – Joe Biden – who has secured the largest number of electors, and therefore he will become the 46th President of the United States. After four years of Donald Trump’s “eccentric” presidency, full of sudden and unexpected decisions – also in the field of US foreign policy – the future of US strategy on key international issues again appears ambiguous. This uncertainty concerns nearly every aspect of U.S. actions on the international arena, including such key dimensions as the approach to […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – The End of the Arab World’s ‘Unity in Hostility’ Towards the Jewish State? The Implications of Israel’s Deal with the UAE and Bahrain

Pulaski Policy Paper no 8, 2020, October 1, 2020 The announcement of the Israel-United Arab Emirates normalisation agreement in mid-August 2020 and the so-called Abraham Accords between Israel and Bahrain in mid-September have given a fresh impetus to the political dynamics in the Middle East. Undoubtedly, the agreement between the three states⁠—which was formally signed in Washington, D.C. on September 15, 2020⁠—will pave the way for significant changes in the region. In the near future, it will turn out whether the deal will bring peace and stability or will lead to further destabilisation and another regional conflict. The international community cautiously welcomed the agreement between the former enemies, considering the […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T.Otłowski – Geopolitics of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Pulaski Policy Paper No 6, 2020. July 1, 2020 In the aftermath of the unexpected COVID-19 outbreak, the world has been plunged into a deep socio-economic crisis and chaos comparable with the Great Depression or the First and the Second World War. The coronavirus pandemic will definitely affect the course of history, reshape the global economy and bring revolutionary changes to international relations. The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to severely affect the global economy in the short run. Unlike the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, the pandemic has undermined economic foundations of most states, particularly the manufacturing sector and trade in goods and services. Government restrictions disrupted the mining industry and […]


PULASKI POLICY PAPER: T. Otłowski – Peace at Any cost? Implications of the US-Taliban Deal in Afghanistan

Pułaski Policy Paper No 3, 2020. 03 March 2020 In September 2019, President Donald Trump decided to suspend talks with the Taliban due to alleged violent actions against Western troops and Afghan citizens. It was clear, however, that the move of the US president was an element of a political game and his negotiation tactics. Perhaps Trump’s cabinet realised that the continuation of the peace negotiations with the Taliban would lead to a conference with their representatives at the White House, which was scheduled to take place in September 2019, on the 18th anniversary of 9/11 attacks. Shortly afterwards, it became clear that Trump’s decision to postpone the talks was a […]



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