Pulaski Policy Paper (EN)

Sep
26

ANALYSIS: Poland’s ‘Orka’ submarine program. Part 2. The Scorpène class submarines – Naval Group

On May 18 2017, the Pulaski Foundation organized the second in a series of three seminars concerning the ‘Orka’ submarine acquisition program, dedicated to the Scorpène-class vessels. The participants had the opportunity to familiarize themselves with detailed information on the French offer, delivered by representatives of Naval Group (formerly DCNS, Direction des Constructions Navales Services). Naval Group is currently perceived as the main competitor to the German shipbuilding industry in the field of modern conventional submarines. The French Navy decided to operate only nuclear submarines, decommissioning all conventional vessels. The French shipyard industry, however, continues to develop conventional submarines, actively seeking new contracts abroad. The Scorpène-class submarines were ordered by […]

DETAIL
Aug
23

ANALYSIS: The Middle East after the fall of the Islamic State core in the Levant

The liberation of the Iraqi city of Mosul at the beginning of July 2017, after more than nine months of bloody battles, as well as the probable occupation of the Syrian city of Ar-Raqqa, the self-proclaimed capital of the caliphate, raises questions about the future of the parastate brought to life by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the geopolitical shape of the Middle East after the fall of ISIS in the Levant. There are also questions about what the liquidation of the caliphate’s headquarters (established on the areas of Iraq and Syria conquered in 2013-2015) will mean, and whether the geopolitical situation in the heart […]

DETAIL
Aug
07

ANALYSIS: The conditions of stabilizing Iraq after defeating the so-called ‘Islamic State’

On July 10th, 2017, Iraqi authorities announced full control over Mosul, the largest city conquered by the so-called Islamic State (Daesh). This is not the end of the war between the Iraqi government forces and Daesh, but it has limited the scope of the organization’s control in Iraq to three unconnected areas (Tal Afar in the Nineveh Governorate, Hawija in the Kirkuk province and Al-Kaim and Anah in the western part of Al-Anbar province). In addition, these are peripheral areas, inhabited by 3-4% of the Iraqi population (according to the pre-war statistics) and the lack of control over these areas does not substantially affect the effective functioning of the Iraqi […]

DETAIL
Jul
20

ANALYSIS: Macedonia With a New Government – The End of the Crisis

After nearly six months since the parliamentary elections on the 11th of December 2016, Macedonians have a new government led by Zoran Zaev, the leader of the largest opposition party. He succeeded in forming the government after reaching a coalition agreement with the Albanian political party, and the Democratic Union for Integration (BDI), which had thus far been partnering the VMRO-DPMNE (the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity), the group that had governed Macedonia uninterruptedly since 2006. However, the new government has many challenges to face moving forward, with reunifying their fragmented society being one of the most difficult and important tasks. The creation of a new governing […]

DETAIL
Jun
20

ANALYSIS: Poland’s ‘Orka’ submarine program. Part 1. The HDW Class 212A/214 submarines – ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems

On March 9, 2017, the Pulaski Foundation organised the first out of a three seminars concerning technologies and combat capabilities of conventional submarines competing in the ‘Orka’ program, which is intended to select modern submarine design for the Polish Navy. The first seminar was dedicated to German experiences in terms of conventional submarines. The Pulaski Foundation organized the seminar in cooperation with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) and the representatives of the Germany Navy. Participants of the seminar, including experts from research centres and public institutions, were presented with a detailed information on the German offer. The procurement of German submarines designed by TKMS has been analysed several years ago by […]

DETAIL
Jun
08

ANALYSIS: The economic intelligence system as a crucial factor in the success of the Responsible Development Plan

Over the past two decades, the economy has undoubtedly become the main battleground in the struggle for global supremacy among great powers. Given the function of modern states, geoeconomics is gradually replacing geopolitics as a dominant paradigm due to the unpredictable nature of the world and multipolarity in international politics. Therefore, it seems necessary to redefine the term ‘national security’ and consider economic security to be a high priority. This phenomenon has been recognized by leading economic powers a long time ago. The fundamental changes to the perception of global politics sparked further developments. In the 1990s, the world’s most powerful economies made a decision to modify tasks, structure and […]

DETAIL
May
24

Iran stays on course – Rouhani is still the president

Hassan Rouhani’s victory in the first round of presidential elections in Iran (May 19, 2017), with 57.1 per cent of votes, gives him a strong mandate to continue his work for another four years. The Conservative Ebrahim Raisi (38.3 per cent) also achieved a good result, but with so much support for Rouhani, it was not enough to make it through to the second round. The electorate endorsed the current president’s success in coming to an agreement with the Six Powers regarding the Iran’s nuclear program, and the opening up of the country to the world. The electoral mobilization of the Iranians and long queues for ballot boxes undoubtedly deserve […]

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Apr
10

Poland’s Territorial Defence Force – Its Role, Significance and Tasks

More and more European countries are currently seeking an opportunity to extend the capabilities of their armed forces with limited funds. Since the 1960s, Poland have been striving to solve this issue by founding the Territorial Defence Forces, which used to be a part of a regular army. Given the disbandment of the 1st Mechanised Division and the Territorial Defence Forces, the potential of the Polish Armed Forces has been significantly reduced due to Poland’s military reform, which started in 2008 and lasted until 2011. In 2015, the new government brought back the concept of the Territorial Defence Force (Pol. WOT, Wojska Obrony Terytorialnej). Therefore, it seems necessary to consider […]

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