Polityka Międzynarodowa Publikacje

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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Ukraine in the German Foreign Policy: old problems and new challenges (Lidia Gibadło)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 1, January 25, 2023 The 24th February marks a turning point in many areas of German politics. Eastern policy is one of the key ones. Although in this area the most discussed aspect is the attitude towards Russia, it is vital to recognise the evolutionary approach towards Ukraine. Today Ukraine is perceived not only as a key element in concluding a peace agreement: its success will be vital for stabilisation in the EU’s eastern neighbourhood. In the post-war perspective, Ukraine may be a new investment destination for German business, especially in energy and infrastructure. Approach towards Ukraine before the 24 February Before the war, Ukraine was perceived primarily as a member of a group of countries located between the Central European countries – supporting […]

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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: The 2022 U.S. Midterms: Implications for the Security of Central and Eastern Europe (Katarzyna Pisarska)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 26, November 16 2022 Overview: An Election Of Global Concern The United States 2022 midterm elections have in the past been of little interests to the majority of global publics. This is because they were both predictable (the U.S. Congress usually falling into the hand of the party opposing the sitting President) and inconsequential for the general direction of U.S. foreign policy (which over the last three decades enjoyed a large bipartisan consensus). Since however the 2016 election of Donald J. Trump as President this has changed. All U.S. elections – including midterms – have become a truly global concern, as they now decide on the U.S. future standing in world affairs. Indeed it is […]

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PULASKI REPORT: Establishment of the Tribunal on the Aggression of Russia Against Ukraine: Supreme Level of Responsibility to Prevent New Conflicts in Europe

On February 24, 2022, Russia extended its armed aggression against Ukraine, unleashed in 2014 with the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, and with the temporary occupation of certain areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

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KOMENTARZ EKSPERTA: Chiny w Nowej Erze (Bogdan J. Góralczyk)

XX zjazd Komunistycznej Partii Chin (KPCh) nie tylko utrwalił pozycję Xi Jinpinga w partii i państwie, ale zarazem zupełnie zmienia realia w Chinach. Nie ma już zbiorowych rządów, wrócił „syndrom Cesarza”, rządzącego jednoosobowo. Chiny wchodzą w „Nową Erę”. Odeszły one – symbolem było znamienne wyprowadzenie z sali obrad poprzedniego przywódcy, Hu Jintao – od pragmatycznych, trzeźwych i zdroworozsądkowych rządów Deng Xiaopinga. W ich miejsce wchodzi nowa ideologia, oparta na dyscyplinie (leninizm), hierarchii (konfucjanizm) i nacjonalizmie, a w gospodarce na marksizmie, czyli niechęci do rynku i jego praw. Wszystko to na dodatek jest ubrane w śmiałe wizje Xi. Pytanie: czy będą do spełnienia i czy nastąpi obiecywany „renesans chińskiego narodu”?  To najważniejsze egzaminy przed jakimi stanie  Xi Jinping w najbliższym czasie. Obrady zjazdu i skład nowej ekipy rządzącej w kadencji 2022-27 jednoznacznie potwierdziły, że Xi utrwalił swe jedynowładztwo i otoczył się akolitami. Zgodnie z tradycją konfucjańską i założeniami […]

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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: The last mobilisation? (Miłosz J. Cordes)

The recent ceremony at the Kremlin when V. Putin announced annexation of four Ukrainian regions was as futile as it was emblematic of the current state of affairs in Moscow.

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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: The decay of the security structure in the Sahel? (Dominika Kulig)

Recent expansion of terrorism and the political-military destabilisation indicate a breakdown in the security structure of the Sahel region, even though we can hardly name it a structure.

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PULASKI POLICY PAPER: Azerbaijan’s attack on Armenia border (Witold Repetowicz)

Pulaski Policy Paper no 20, October 10 2022 Latest clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan are part of the protracted conflict between these two countries. Though the main reason of it is the status of Artsakh, it also concerns Syunik province and never demarcated border between these two countries. Artsakh, known also as Nagorno Karabakh, is an Armenian populated territory, which during the Soviet times was made part of Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic as an autonomous oblast. In 1988 representatives of Nagorno Karabakh demanded unification of this oblast with Armenian SSR, what was rejected by Soviet Union authorities. This had led to ethnic cleansings and massacres and finally referendum organised in Nagorno Karabakh on independence, shortly before Soviet Union […]

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EXPERT’S COMMENTARY: The world is mobilising in response to the threat posed by Putin‘s Russia – is Russian opposition playing its full part? (Robert Pszczel)

International response to the barbaric invasion of Ukraine by Russia has been impressive. Nothing is perfect and there is a share of disappointment in the veracity of reaction (vide position taken by one or two NATO/EU member states, hesitations regarding supplies of sophisticated military equipment in some quarters of the West or ambiguous stand taken by the Vatican and some NGOs). But overall, international community has been active, united, concrete and determined, in facing up to the challenge thrown at us by Russia. Can be the same said about the Russian opposition?  This determination has taken the Kremlin by surprise. Not for the first time Putin and his coterie were found wanting when it comes to understanding of the outside world, beyond the confines of his […]

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